Nationwide Hazing Laws

Helping Families Get Justice for Their Children

“I want to save the victims who will quietly go along because they want to belong.”
- The Honorable Judge Kathleen Dekker

Over the last two decades, universities have struggled with high numbers of hazing incidents, many of which led to serious injuries or death. Our firm has represented families of young people who were robbed of their future by senseless and reckless acts of bullying. We want to bring awareness to the various ways that states have addressed (or failed to address) hazing.

The following states have zero laws prohibiting or defining hazing:

  • Alaska
  • Hawaii
  • New Mexico
  • Wyoming
  • South Dakota
  • Montana

Only 10 states have laws that make hazing a felony when resulting in death or serious injury:

  • Florida
  • Texas
  • California
  • Utah
  • Wisconsin
  • Michigan
  • Indiana
  • Missouri
  • West Virginia
  • New Jersey

Lousiana may soon be the 11th state to make hazing a felony offense when it causes death or injury. Any sort of hazing charges will also carry longer sentences, while organizations will face larger fines if they knowingly allow hazing to occur during events. The remaining 33 states have anti-hazing laws that prohibit hazing…but only allow it to be punishable as a misdemeanor.

Many of these laws include language that defines hazing as a method of “initiation” or “pre-initiation,” but hazing as an activity extends far beyond initiation. Other laws make it so that only students can be prosecuted for hazing, but research shows that former students can facilitate hazing, while prospective students aren’t safe from hazing either. Causing the death, injury, or mental anguish of another human being needs to be taken more seriously by the courts, and that begins with laws that take the hazing seriously.

Florida’s Law Can Lead the Nation

The Chad Meredith Act, which Attorney Bianchi helped draft, defines hazing as any action that:

  • Recklessly or intentionally endangers the mental or physical health or safety of a student.
  • Pressures or coerces students into violating the law, committing or being subject to violence, exposing themselves to the elements, or consuming any food, drug, liquor, or other substance.
  • Pressures or coerces students into situations of extreme mental stress, social humiliation or exclusion, or any activity that threatens mental health or dignity.

The Chad Meredith Law also makes hazing a third-degree felony when it results in serious injury or death, and a first-degree misdemeanor when it puts victims at risk for physical injury or death. More than a decade after the Chad Meredith case, 10 states have now criminalized hazing.

The Future Is Coming: National Criminalization of Hazing

Last June, a bipartisan bill was introduced to the House of Representatives that would require colleges to track and report hazing. It would also require them to provide education to students about the dangers and signs of hazing. It's a welcome change. Most students who suffer hazing aren't even aware that it's happening. However, this bill limits hazing reporting to incidents committed due to initiation in or affiliation with an organization connected with the university—essentially, any fraternity or campus club. For the purpose of the reporting bill, that's important.

However, the Chad Meredith Act (and likely the federal statute too) makes it clear that it is not a valid defense to claim that the "hazing" took place apart from any organization or official organization event. Our law also made it clear that it wouldn't matter if the hazing took place in connection to initiation or affiliation with a club—any kind of coercion would be a criminal offense.

The bipartisan bill is currently in committee before the House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

Hazing Lawyers Advocating Nationwide

Our firm is wholly committed to stopping the fatal or harmful coercion of individuals. Lives are being cut short due to harmful, meaningless risk-taking in the name of "brotherhood," and it enrages us. It should enrage universities and leaders around the nation as well. We look forward to the day that students will be able to enjoy campus life without harassment, fear, or bullying. Until that day, we'll continue faithfully securing justice for the victims of hazing nationwide.

Call (305) 770-6335 to learn if you have a case or use our online form to schedule a free consultation. We are here to provide a voice to victims and fight for justice.

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